Important Disclosures:
The opinions expressed in these podcasts reflects the opinions of the presenter at the time they were made and are subject to change at any time after the date of a podcast’s production without notice. These opinions are not intended to be a forecast of future events, a guarantee of future results, or investment advice. While the statements made in these podcast are based on publicly available information and are believed to be accurate as of the date given, no representation is made with regard to their accuracy or completeness. These podcast are neither an offer, nor a solicitation, to buy or sell securities. Reproduction of any of these podcasts is strictly prohibited. Horizon Kinetics and its affiliates may directly hold, and manage portfolios that have positions in any of the cryptocurrencies and securities mentioned in this material.

Cryptocurrency Risks:
The material below contains information on cryptocurrencies or investment products that provide exposure to cryptocurrencies. The value of a particular cryptocurrency is determined by the supply of and demand for the cryptocurrency in the global market in which such cryptocurrency trades, which consists of transactions on electronic exchanges which are not currently regulated by any U.S. regulator. Pricing on electronic cryptocurrency exchanges and other venues can be volatile and can adversely affect the value of the cryptocurrency being transacted. Currently, there is relatively small use of cryptocurrencies in the retail and commercial marketplace in comparison to the relatively large use by speculators, thus contributing to price volatility that could adversely affect an investment portfolio’s direct or indirect investments in cryptocurrencies. Also, transactions in cryptocurrencies are irrevocable, and stolen or incorrectly transferred cryptocurrencies may be irretrievable. As a result, any incorrectly executed cryptocurrency transactions could adversely affect the value of an investment portfolio’s direct or indirect investment in such cryptocurrency. Only investors who can appreciate the risks associated with an investment should invest in cryptocurrencies or products that offer cryptocurrency exposure. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results.

Bitcoin Co-Existing with Fiat Currency and the Banking System

Currency Essential Effective Operator Incentive System

Cryptocurrency and Credit Cards: Pathway to a Disruptive Threat

Bitcoin Supply Curve Over Time

Cryptocurrency Mainstream Legitimacy: A Brief Survey of Institutional Acceptance

The Question of Bitcoin Transaction Speed and System Capacity

Government Suppression and Consensus Money: What the Government Really Thinks

Bitcoin and Legal Tender (and Fraud, Hacking and Government Suppression)

Cryptocurrency or Fiat Currency? Volatility or Debasement? Choose Your Risk.

The Rise of the Artificial Asset Class

Cryptocurrencies: An Emerging Asset Class

The Most Volatile Asset Correlated With Nothing

This webpage contains research reports relating to cryptocurrencies that were authored by Horizon Kinetics, along with links to unaffiliated third party websites. Each report was authored as of the date listed on the report and has not been updated since. Horizon Kinetics, on behalf of its registered investment advisers, manages investment products that may seek to provide exposure to certain of the investments and investment ideas listed herein. Investments in cryptocurrencies represent a relatively new asset class, and, as such, there is a high degree of risk involved. Investors should consult with their tax and legal professionals before investing. The opinions stated herein are subject to change and should not be construed as investment advice. For additional information, please refer to the Terms and Conditions link below.